General Info
Friday, 15 February 2008 12:45
- Geographical facts of the Main 8000ers
- First ascents information of the Main 8000ers
- First ascents information without bottled oxygen of seven Main-8000ers
- Geographical facts of the subsidiary peaks
- First ascents information of the subsidiary peaks
- First ascents information of the subsidiary peaks without bottled oxygen


Geographical facts of the Main 8000ers

NAME ALT/m COUNTRIES LATITUDE   LONGITUDE   RP AREA P D
EVEREST 8848 Np/Chn (Tb) 27°59'18" N 86°55'33" E NH KHUMBU HIMAL 8848 100,00
K2 8611 Pk/Chn (Sk) 35°52'51" N 76°30'48" E Kk BALTORO MUZTAGH 4017 46,65
KANGCHENJUNGA 8586
Np/Ind
27°42'09" N 88°08'54" E SH KANGCHENJUNGA HIMAL 3922 45,68
LHOTSE 8516 Np/Chn (Tb) 27°57'42" N 86°56'00" E NH KHUMBU HIMAL 610 7,16
MAKALU 8485 Np/Chn (Tb) 27°53'24" N 87°05'18" E NH BARUN HIMAL 2378 28,03
CHO OYU 8188 Np/Chn (Tb) 28°05'39" N 86°39'39" E NH KHUMBU HIMAL 2340 28,58
DHAULAGIRI I 8167
Np
28°41'48" N 83°29'39" E NH DHAULAGIRI HIMAL 3357 41,10
MANASLU 8163
Np
28°33'00" N 84°33'39" E NH MANSIRI HIMAL 3092 37,88
NANGA PARBAT 8125
Pk
35°14'15" N 74°35'24" E KH NANGA PARBAT AREA 4608 56,71
ANNAPURNA I 8091
Np
28°35'45" N 83°49'15" E NH ANNAPURNA HIMAL 2984 36,88
GASHERBRUM I 8080 Pk/Chn (Sk) 35°43'27" N 76°41'48" E Kk BALTORO MUZTAGH 2155 26,67
BROAD PEAK 8051 Pk/Chn (Sk) 35°48'39" N 76°34'06" E Kk BALTORO MUZTAGH 1701 21,13
GASHERBRUM II 8034 Pk/Chn (Sk) 35°45'27" N 76°39'15" E Kk BALTORO MUZTAGH 1523 18,96
SHISHA PANGMA 8027 Chn (Tb) 28°21'09" N 85°46'45" E NH JUGAL HIMAL 2897 36,09
RP = Range Parts:
NH = Nepal-Himalaya, Kk = Karakorum,
SH = Sikkim-Himalaya, KH = Kashmir-Himalaya

The altitudes of the Nepalese mountains are taken from the Finnmaps and for the Karakorum mountains they are from the Chinese snow map. The altitude of Shisha Pangma was taken from the Austrian Alpine Club map, it was revised recently also on Chinese maps!

P = Orometrical Prominence - see special section about prominence
D = Orometrical Dominance - see special section about dominance


First ascents information of the Main 8000ers


NAME DATE Expedition First ascenders
EVEREST 29.05.1953 British Edmund Hillary (NZ), Tenzing Norgay (Ind)
K2 31.07.1954 Italian Achille Compagnoni, Lino Lacedelli
KANGCHENJUNGA 25.05.1955 British George Band, Joe Brown
LHOTSE 18.05.1956 Swiss Fritz Luchsinger, Ernst Reiss
MAKALU 15.05.1955 French Jean Couzy, Lionel Terray
CHO OYU 19.10.1954 Austrian Josef Jöchler, Herbert Tichy, Pasang Dawa Lama (Nep/Sh)
DHAULAGIRI I 13.05.1960 Swiss Kurt Diemberger (A), Peter Diener (Ger), Ernst Forrer, Albin Schelbert, Nawang Dorje (Nep/Sh), Nima Dorje (Nep/Sh)
MANASLU 09.05.1956 Japanese Toshio Imanishi, Gyalzen Norbu (Ind/Sh)
NANGA PARBAT 03.07.1953 Austro-German Hermann Buhl (A)
ANNAPURNA I
03.06.1950 French Maurice Herzog, Louis Lachenal
GASHERBRUM I 05.07.1958 American Andrew J. Kauffman, Peter K. Schoening
BROAD PEAK 09.06.1957 Austrian Hermann Buhl, Kurt Diemberger, Marcus Schmuck, Fritz Wintersteller
GASHERBRUM II 07.07.1956 Austrian Josef Larch, Fritz Moravec, Johann Willenpart
SHISHA PANGMA 02.05.1964 Chinese Hsu Ching, Chang Chun-yen, Wang Fu-zhou, Chen San, Cheng Tien-liang, Wu Tsung-yue, Sodnam Doji, Migmar Trashi, Doji, Yonten


Seven of the Main-8000ers were first climbed with bottled oxygen! The first ascents information without bottled oxygen:

NAME DATE Expedition First ascenders
EVEREST 08.05.1978 Austro-Italian Peter Habeler (A), Reinhold Messner (It)
K2 06.09.1978 American Louis F. Reichardt
KANGCHENJUNGA 16.05.1979 British Doug Scott, Peter Boardman, Joe Tasker
LHOTSE 11.05.1977 German Michel Dacher
MAKALU 06.10.1975 Slovenian Marjan Manfreda
MANASLU 25.04.1972 Italian Reinhold Messner
GASHERBRUM I 10.08.1975 Austro-Italian Peter Habeler (A), Reinhold Messner (It)


There are several different subsidiary peaks! Here are the geographical facts, from the one "relative independent Main-Peak" (EU category B) over the important subsidiary peaks (C) to the major notable points (D1) Especially the last category is just guessed by contours or from photographs. If climbers pass the connecting cols in the future, it would be appreciated, if they would give altitude information about those points!


Peak  
Alt
 
P
D
EU
BROAD PEAK CENTRAL   8011 c 181 2,26 B2
             
             
Kangchenjunga W-Peak(Yalung Kang)   8505 c 135 1,59 C1
             
Kangchenjunga S-Peak   8476 c 116 1,37 C2
Kangchenjunga C-Peak   8473 c 63 0,74 C2
Lhotse C-Peak I   8410 c 65 0,77 C2
Lhotse Shar   8382 c 72 0,86 C2
             
K 2 SW-Peak   8580 c 30 0,35 D1
Lhotse C-Peak II   8372 c 37 0,44 D1
Everest W-Peak   8296 c 30 0,36 D1
Yalung Kang Shoulder c 8200 c 40 0,49 D1
Kangchenjunga SE-Peak c 8150 c 30 0,37 D1
K 2 P. 8134 (SW-Ridge)   8134 c 35 0,43 D1
Annapurna C-Peak   8051 c 30 0,37 D1
Nanga Parbat S-Peak   8042 c 30 0,37 D1
Annapurna E-Peak   8013 c 50 0,62 D1
Shisha Pangma C-Peak   8008 c 30 0,37 D1
             
Everest NE-Shoulder   8423   19 0,23 D2
Everest NE-Pinnacle III   8383   13 0,16 D2
Lhotse N-Pinnacle III   8327 c 10 0,12 D2
Lhotse N-Pinnacle II   8307 c 12 0,14 D2
Lhotse N-Pinnacle I c 8290 c 10 0,12 D2
Everest NE-Pinnacle II   8282 c 25 0,30 D2

First ascents information of the subsidiary peaks:

        * °    
BROAD PEAK CENTRAL   8011 28.07.1975     Polish Kazimierz Głazek, Marek Kęsicki (†), Janusz Kuliś, Bohdan Nowaczyk (†), Andrzej Sikorski (†)
               
Kangchenjunga W-Peak(Yalung Kang)   8505 14.05.1973   y Japanese Yutaka Ageta, Takao Matsuda (†)
               
Kangchenjunga S-Peak   8476 19.05.1978   y Polish Eugeniusz Chrobak, Wojciech Wróż
Kangchenjunga C-Peak   8473 22.05.1978   y Polish Wojciech Brański, Andrzej Heinrich, Kazimierz Olech 
Lhotse C-Peak I   8410 23.05.2001   y Russian Aleksei Bolotov, Piotr Kuznetsov, Sergei Timofeev, Yevgeni Vinogradski
Lhotse Shar   8382 12.05.1970   y Austrian Josef Mayerl, Rolf Walter
               
K 2 SW-Peak   8580 07.08.1981 y y Japanese Eiho Ohtani, Nazir Sabir (Pak)
Lhotse C-Peak II   8372         unclimbed
Everest W-Peak   8296 12.05.1979   y Slovenian Dušan Podbevšek and Roman Robas
Kangchenjunga SE-Peak c 8150         unclimbed
K 2 P. 8134 (SW-Ridge)   8134         unclimbed
Yalung Kang Shoulder   8077         unclimbed
Annapurna C-Peak   8051 03.10.1980     German Udo Bönning, Ludwig Greissl, Heinz Oberrauch
Nanga Parbat S-Peak   8042 17.08.1982     Swiss Ueli Bühler
Annapurna E-Peak   8013 29.07.1974     Spanish José Manuel Anglada, Emilion Civis, Jorge Pons
Shisha Pangma C-Peak   8008 10.10.1982     Japanese Makato Hara, Hiro Komamiya, Hirofumi Konishi
               
Everest NE-Shoulder   8423         unclimbed
Everest NE-Pinnacle III   8383 06.08.1988   y British Russell Brice (NZ), Harry Taylor
Lhotse N-Pinnacle III   8327         unclimbed
Lhotse N-Pinnacle II   8307         unclimbed
Lhotse N-Pinnacle I c 8290         unclimbed
Everest NE-Pinnacle II   8282 17.05.1982     British Peter Boardman, Joe Tasker
* first climbed on route to the top!
° first climbed with bottled oxygen!


First ascents information of the subsidiary peaks without bottled oxygen:

        * °    
Kangchenjunga W-Peak(Yalung Kang)   8505 04.05.1980     Mexican Hugo Saldaña (†)
               
Kangchenjunga S-Peak   8476 17.04.1989     Russian Vladimir Karatayev, Mikhail Mozhaev
Kangchenjunga C-Peak   8473 01.05.1991     Slovenian Uroš Rupar
Lhotse C-Peak I   8410         unclimbed without bottled oxygen!
Lhotse Shar   8382 20.05.1984     Slovak Zoltán Demján
               
K 2 SW-Peak   8580 02.09.1993 y   UK/USA Jonathan Pratt (UK), Daniel Mazur (USA)
               
Everest NE-Pinnacle I   8383         unclimbed without bottled oxygen!